Ischemic heart disease
Valvular heart disease
Severe heart failure (such as idiopathic and ischemic cardiomyopathies)
Infective endocarditis and aneurysms
Thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissection
Congenital heart diseases (neonate, infant, child and adult)
Complex cardiac anomalies, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Treatment methods

Off-pump or beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting
Mitral valvuloplasty and valve-sparing aortic root replacement
Cardiac transplantation and auxiliary artificial heart
Curative treatment of infection, using allograft heart valves and blood vessels
Arch replacement and low-risk surgical procedures for extensive aortic aneurysms
Norwood and Fontan procedures